Kryptowährungen handeln BISON App der Börse Stuttgart

Aegis Dynamics

Dieses Subreddit ist gedacht für alles rund um Chris Roberts kommende Weltraumsim Star Citizen.

Slower than expected, cant handel apps.

Hey Redditors.
I have a Redmi Note 9, 3gb. And it works ok. But when it comes to games and some other apps its just silly slow. Pokémon Go takes 2 min to open and then lags and crashes every so often. Same with Hearthstone. I know its not a Gaming Phone but I thought this was some pretty easy to run-games.
Is this what to expect from a budget Phone like this? /F
submitted by Mangelstein to Xiaomi [link] [comments]

Bison: Börse Stuttgart veröffentlicht Handels-App für Kryptowährungen

Bison: Börse Stuttgart veröffentlicht Handels-App für Kryptowährungen submitted by herzmeister to BitcoinDE [link] [comments]

Me playing a Gavotte in F Major by Handel. Sorry it cuts off at the end I’m just trying the A Acapella app

Me playing a Gavotte in F Major by Handel. Sorry it cuts off at the end I’m just trying the A Acapella app submitted by TheDukeOfSwagger to mandolin [link] [comments]

The new trading app of the Stuttgart Stock Exchange will support BTC, LTC, XRP and ETH

Boerse Stuttgart is expected to introduce a new crypto trading platform in 2019.
The team behind the BISON app has announced that it will support Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), XRP and Ethereum (ETH). Börse Stuttgart is the ninth largest stock exchange in Europe and its fintech subsidiary Sowa Labs will develop this new app to help more retailers engage with Crypto. BISON has announced via Twitter that the app will offer trading from BTC, LTC, XRP and ETH. It is currently in beta testing and welcomes users to be on board as of now. It will be available from January 2019 in the German app stores.
Die neue Handels-App der Börse Stuttgart wird BTC, LTC, XRP und ETH unterstützen
Die Börse Stuttgart wird voraussichtlich im Jahr 2019 eine neue Crypto-Handelsplattform einführen. Das Team hinter der BISON-App hat angekündigt, Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), XRP und Ethereum (ETH) zu unterstützen.
Die Börse Stuttgart ist die neuntgrößte Börse Europas und ihre Fintech-Tochter Sowa Labs wird diese neue App entwickeln, um mehr Einzelhändlern zu helfen, sich mit Crypto zu beschäftigen.
BISON hat über Twitter angekündigt, dass die App den Handel von BTC, LTC, XRP und ETH anbieten wird. Es befindet sich derzeit in der Beta-Testphase und begrüßt die Nutzer, ab sofort mit an Bord zu sein. Es soll ab Januar 2019 in den deutschen App Stores erhältlich sein.
submitted by Varadon to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Poco F2 Pro background apps handeling

Hi, a week ago I bought poco f2 pro (before I had poco f1) and the handling of background apps is killing me. They close after a few minutes and have to reload when I open them again.
If I open an Instagram profile and change the app for 30 minutes, when I go back to Instagram it will load the normal feed, not the profile that I had left open.
If I open pokemon go and switch to another app, when I come back I have to load it from 0 again.
I tried to disable the optimization for miui and also the battery saving restrictions of each individual application but everything remains the same.
In poco F1, I could have the apps open in the background for hours and when I opened them they were just as I had left them.
Any idea why this is happening?
miui version stable
6gb/128gb version
submitted by ElYurei3 to PocoPhones [link] [comments]

Teilnehmer für Online-Studie gesucht! Thema: "Mobile Marketing im stationären Handel" via @SurveyCircle #konsum #kaufentscheidungen #kaufprozesse #MobileMarketing #apps #kauf #umfrage #surveycircle

submitted by surveycircle to SurveyCircle [link] [comments]

Discussion Thread: 2020 General Election Part 2 | 7:00pm (ET) Poll Close (FL*, GA, IN**, KY**, SC, VA, VT)

* Eastern time zone closures ** Central time zone closures


Good evening. We will be posting a discussion thread for each group of states as their polling locations close. Polls have now closed in Florida (Eastern Time), Georgia, Indiana (Central Time), Kentucky (Central Time), South Carolina, Virgina and Vermont. Results and forecasts for the presidential election in each state are provided below, along with a list of US Senate elections, state governor elections and competitive US House races.

National Results:

NPR | POLITICO | USA Today / Associated Press | NY Times | NBC | ABC News | Fox News | CNN
New York Times - Race Calls: Tracking the News Outlets That Have Called States for Trump or Biden

National Results:

NPR | POLITICO | USA Today / Associated Press | NY Times | NBC | ABC News | Fox News | CNN
New York Times - Race Calls: Tracking the News Outlets That Have Called States for Trump or Biden



AP / USA Today | NY Times | NPR
FiveThirtyEight | The Economist

US House

FL-27 Cook Rating: Likely D
  • Donna Shalala (D) (Incumbent)
  • Maria Elvira Salazar (R)
FL-26 Cook Rating: Leans D
  • Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (D) (Incumbent)
  • Carlos Gimenez (R)
FL-15 Cook Rating: Lean R
  • Alan Cohn (D)
  • Scott Franklin (R)
FL-16 Cook Rating: Likely R
  • Vern Buchanan (R) (Incumbent)
  • Margaret Good (D)
FL-18 Cook Rating: Likely R
  • Brian Mast (R) (Incumbent)
  • Pam Keith (D)
  • K.W. Miller (I)



AP / USA Today | NY Times | NPR
FiveThirtyEight | The Economist

US Senate

Cook Rating: Toss Up
  • David Perdue (R) (Incumbent)
  • Jon Ossoff (D)
Concurrent special election Cook Rating: Toss Up
  • Kelly Loeffler (R)
  • Doug Collins (R)
  • Raphael Warnock (D)

US House

GA-06 Cook Rating: Likely D
  • Lucy McBath (D)
  • Karen Handel (R)
GA-07 Cook Rating: Lean D
  • Carolyn Bourdeaux (D)
  • Rich McCormick (R)



AP / USA Today | NY Times | NPR
FiveThirtyEight | The Economist

US House

IN-05 Cook Rating: Toss Up
  • Christina Hale (D)
  • Victoria Spartz (R)


Governor Cook Rating: Solid R
  • Eric Holcomb (R)
  • Woody Myers (D)



AP / USA Today | NY Times | NPR
FiveThirtyEight | The Economist

US Senate

Cook Rating: Likely R
  • Mitch McConnell (R) (Incumbent)
  • Amy McGrath (D)

US House

KY-06 Cook Rating: Likely R
  • Andy Barr (R) (Incumbent)
  • Josh Hicks (D)

South Carolina


AP / USA Today | NY Times | NPR
FiveThirtyEight | The Economist

US Senate

Cook Rating: Toss Up
  • Lindsey Graham (R) (Incumbent)
  • Jaime Harrison (D)

US House

SC-01 Cook Rating: Lean D
  • Joe Cunningham (D) (Incumbent)
  • Nancy Mace (R)



AP / USA Today | NY Times | NPR
FiveThirtyEight | The Economist

US Senate

Cook Rating: Solid D
  • Mark Warner (D) (Incumbent)
  • Daniel Gade (R)

US House

VA-02 Cook Rating: Lean D
  • Elaine Luria (D) (Incumbent)
  • Scott Taylor (R)
  • David Foster (I)
VA-07 Cook Rating: Lean R
  • Abigail Spanberger (D) (Incumbent)
  • Nick Freitas (R)
VA-04 Cook Rating: Toss Up
  • Aston Donald McEachin (D) (Incumbent)
  • Leon Benjamin (R)



AP / USA Today | NY Times | NPR
FiveThirtyEight | The Economist


Solid R
  • Phil Scott (R) (Incumbent)
  • David Zuckerman (P) (D)
submitted by PoliticsModeratorBot to politics [link] [comments]

nodeJs app which handels websockets with Express-wb production Issues !! HELP ??

i m currently building an Express application capable of sending and receiving messages between many users , however when i switch to production env this basic example doesnt seem to work .
the log.txt file in my server should log the message " socket estableshed : " whenever i send a message from my client . what bother me the most is that the connection is well estableshed and the message sent without error in the client browser , but never seems to arrive to the server .
note that the Node app ( http ) runs behind an an HTTPS reverse proxy , and all the domain uses a cloudflair protection .
note also that this small example works perfectly in my local env .
does anyone have simular issues and solved it ?
submitted by nasgunner to node [link] [comments]

Professional Binary Robot Bewertung 2015 - Wie also funktioniert die Professional Binary Robot Arbeit??. Professionelle Binary Robot Rezension von Professor George S

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submitted by JayceProvence to CrackingTheCode [link] [comments]

Handeling mutable state in a UI app

I'm writing a Wireworld implementation, using Seesaw to help with the UI.
I want to allow the user to select a checkbox option that will decide what tool is used when the user clicks the mouse button on the canvas. I'm running into a problem that I run into constantly while writing UI apps: How can I manage state related to UI options?
The four main solutions I've roughly narrowed it down to are:
  1. In their event handler, have the checkboxes update a local atom that was "threaded" all the way from one of the main functions. Then I can read from the atom as needed.
  2. Give each option a class/ID, pass a root node around, and select from the root using an class/ID as needed. This way I'm not storing the option state separately in an atom. This leads to complications though when the root may be needed before the parent has even been created. This leads to very awkward scenarios.
  3. Same as 1., but the atom is defd at the top level. Ofc a global mutable state is bad, but this saves me from passing a locally defined atom all the way from the main creation function to some inner function that sets the atom in a handler.
  4. Same as 2., but the root node is defd at the top level. Same benefit and problems as 3., but again, now the state isn't being stored separately.
How is this usually handled? At what point does a global state become acceptable (if ever)? Right now I'm using 1., but it's becoming painful threading atoms everywhere. All of my functions that can be pure, are pure. I'm just having issues where I'm forced to deal with side-effects of some kind.
submitted by carcigenicate to Clojure [link] [comments]

Have both P75QX-H1 and X900H at home. Will run some comparison tests

P75QX-H1 has the latest firmware with all fixes for FALD and others.
From a brief comparison have some results (it's 12pm so the room weel lit):
  1. pqx-h1 is much brighter and the contrast is gorgeous compare to Sony, blacks are just as good as on OLED. I didn't expect such a difference. After Vizio sony looks too dim and pale.
  2. sony is a winner for color and video processing. Vizio has a reddish tint as mentioned earlier everywhere, and cannot be fixed by calibration. It's really noticeable when comparing them side by side. And other colors need adjustment. So sony looks more real and pleasant for the eyes.
  3. there is no blooming effect on sony. Vizio has a blooming effect mostly visible in the YouTube app interface.
So far it's hard to decide what is better, brightness, and contrast on Vizio or perfect colors on Sony.
To be tested:
- local dimming in the darkroom. Going to do so this e evening once it gets dark.

Please ask your questions if you want to test anything else.

So I spent the whole day with two TVs and here is my subjective opinion. Please fon't take it as a professional opinion, I'm a regular user.
Brightness/contrast. The main advantage of the pqx over x900h is 480 local dimming zones. And as a result exceptional brightness and contrast. As I said earlier, it feels like OLED TV. So on this TV, the glitters from HDR Chroma Galaxies are really glowing like small LEDs. And the same thing in most videos with a black background. It processes it really well. Sony is not as bright as Vizio and some scenes during the day time with well lit room by sunlight look too dimm.
Playback. Vizio has a video juddering/stuttering issue and it can be fixed by reducing judder in the settings. If set to 2-3 it won't help much just a little improvement, but if to set to 5-7 it will have a soap opera effect. Sony is excellent in it. Motions are smooth without soap opera effect.
Colors. Colors are not configured well on Vizio. The major issue is reddish/pinky/purplish tint on any color temperature. It leads to a slight change for all colors. And picture looks artificial. You won't get perfect white color. Probably it could be fixed by professional calibration, but even RTINGS stated that calibration didn't help to get rid of the reddish tint. Possibly the LED panel issue and not appeared on all TVs. But I went to the BB store and was that all Vizio TVs have this tint shift to red/purple. Of caurce it's a personal thing and some people could like this tint more and actually could not see it, but for me it's a big deal. Sony has beautiful colors and white balance in all scenes and situations, there is no concerns on it. It has natural colors.
Reflections/Viewing angles. Vizio has a better reflections handelling, Sony is slightly more reflective. Sony is better with viewing angles, Visio is shifting colors more from the wider angles.
OS/Interface. Personally I do like Android TV more than SmartCast. It's faster, more responcive, and of caurce it has PlayStore. For sure new SmartCast is much faster than on 2019 PQX model, but still not smooth enough to compete with Andtoid TV. I'd recommend Vizio to use Android TV or even Google TV on their new TVs. One disadvantage is no AppleTV app for Android TV, which is sad. Remotes, Vizio's remote control is a pain. It has weak connection with the TV and it misses clicks a lot if you go faster, and you have to point remote to the TV to make it work. Sony has Bluetooth remote and you can use it even from the different room. On the Sony's side also is Bluetooth. You can connect sound devices like headphones and speakers by Bluetooth. Vizio doesn't have it.

Verdict. After a day with X900H and almost 2 months with P75QX-H1, I decided to choose Sony.
But again it's all personal thing. Vizio is a great TV for those who love perfect black levels and OLED like picture look, but can live with color imperfections, juddering, software issues, and can spend additional money for professional calibration service. Sony is for those who want perfect picture out of the box and don't want to deal with configuring and adjusting settings. Just plug-n-play.
I'm more on the Sony's side. The only FALD and brightness are cons, but it's good enough in most of the cases.
submitted by Collection_Ok to VIZIO_Official [link] [comments]

EE - Stuff to learn (during Freetime)

This should be a list of topics you can learn in general (and as long this is EngineeringStudents you may not learn in courses as well). Have a look what might fits you, what can be a benefit for you in future and what sounds fun. This list will never be 100% correct, there will be stuff missing and maybe some things change over time (also a lot of typos and bad grammar, I'm sorry). But with your help we may create a list with interessting and helpful topics. Yes this post was made around half a year ago, but is usefull in my opinion and would be to sad to be lost in the archive.
Hello everyone,
I noticed a couple of posts in the last weeks where people are looking for stuff to learn, but are not sure what. So I want to make a small list of EE-stuff what I recommend, beside most standard stuff (like Calc I, Ohms law etc.). I have no clue about other engineering fields (I'm into automation & robotic), but maybe YOU can help out for your engineering field, but please in another topic, not here*!* (but will be linked, if you post them in the comments)
One general advice, if you know where you want to work in future, you shall not wear blinkers and concentrate just on stuff of your field. Take a look outside the box and try to learn some stuff. You don't have to be a master on all fields, but be able to know what other engineers are talking about. Short notice: I try to list mostly free or open-source stuff, because some of us haven't got a student-licence (and/or the money), but I also know that you can't beat some commercial products so far.
General Stuff:
Programming languages:
Electronic stuff:
Automation &Robotic:
Information - and communications technology:
Micro- and Nanoelectronics:
Power Electronic/Electric:
Craftmanship (can be tricky, because you may not get the tools and somebody with experience for that)
Yes I can see some of you are rolling with their eyes and thinking "serious"? And you are right! And wrong! Don't underestimate Softskills. Having lectures about that stuff is sometimes pretty boring, but you won't believe what people are out there not being able to handle stuff. Neither Time management, not social skills to deal with conflicts and so on. Some people don't even know that they are missing this kind of skill set. Be honest to yourself and get at least a basic set. It is difficult to teach suc things for yourself and some techniques won't work, but others will (I manage my projects in another way than my workmates do).
[Sources are welcome, because this field is huge. I will just describe stuff I know/recommened/warn about ...]
Other Topics that aren't mentioned yet
Maybe I will add/change some stuff from time to time...
Anything you are missing? Put it in the comments and if I know it (or enough other) I will add it on the list as well.
Something wrong? Please let me notice so I can change that!
You don't even know how to survive Engineering? You may check out this regular post from me.
submitted by Forschkeeper to EngineeringStudents [link] [comments]

Drogenhandel-Chats bei Telegram hochgenommen

Drogenhandel-Chats bei Telegram hochgenommen
Spiegel vermeldet:
Ermittler schließen kriminelle Chatgruppen auf Telegram
Der Messenger Telegram hat sich in den vergangenen Jahren zu einer Darknet-Alternative entwickelt, auf der diverse Drogen gehandelt werden. Nun gelang Ermittlern ein Erfolg gegen die Szene.
Bis tief in die Nacht von Donnerstag auf Freitag sind Ermittler deutschlandweit gegen Drogenhandel über den Messenger Telegram vorgegangen. Razzien in insgesamt 30 Objekten waren Teil einer von Cybercrime-Ermittlern geführten Aktion gegen 13 Männer, die über die Chat-App Drogen verkauft oder den Handel damit ermöglicht haben sollen.

Leider konnte ich in keinem Onlineartikel Infos dazu finden, wie genau man diese Chats und Kanäle hochnahm. Gab es Hilfe vom Telegram-Betreiber? Oder wie sonst könnte es ihnen gelungen sein?

PS: Dieses Bild haben die Ermittler zur Abschreckung in den übernommenen Kanälen platziert:
submitted by schuh-uhu to drogen [link] [comments]

SMG3’s Cage Matches Act 1

Hello! This is an Story Arc. Here’s Episode 1 Act 1:
Last Act:
Act 1: Set Ups and Trap Doors ——————— In the old underground lair of SMG3, said doublegänger is still sitting in the corner. Coco is brushing Namai’s hair. Namai realized that now that she has actual hair, she’s going to need to learn to have it well. Melony is watching something on her laptop.
What she’s watching:
Suddenly! SMG3 jumped up and proclaimed: EUREKA! Coco yelped, and accidentally brushed Namai’s hair to hard, it got kinda stuck
Namai: Ow!
Coco: Ohmygosh! I’m so sorry!
While she helped her, SMG3 ran to his big screened computer and started to type in stuff. The girls got to him
SMG3: It was so simple! And it took me an entire month to do it!
Namai: What are you talking about? It’s just been a week.
SMG3: Really?
Melony nodded
SMG3: Huh… felt more for some reason… Anyways! I finally have a plan! Melony!! You got everyones number, right?
Melony picked up her laptop and did a thumbs up
SMG3: Great! Get everyone here!!
Melony started to type in something on Messenger and pressed send. ——————— Angella Orphanage.
Tish is drawing something. Its stick figures of herself and the Anti-Cast. Stickfigure Tish is holding Stickfigure Coco’s hand, while her other hand is pointing a gun at crude drawing of SMG4. An arrow is pointing at him, with a word from it saying ”Meanie”.
Suddenly, her phone buzzed. She got a message. She read it and smiled open. She left the drawing and ran down the stairs.
Tish: Ms. Angella! I’m heading over to a friend!
She ran out from the house. In the kitchen was an elderly lady cleaning some dishes
Ms. Angella: Yes Dear! Have fun!
But she dropped a plate into the sink, when she realized what the blue haired girl said. She opened the window and tried to call back Tish
Ms. Angella: Did you forget you’re grounded for that surgery, young lady!? If you don’t get back now, I’ll double your grounding!!
But Tish was already far away from the Orphanage. ——————— Oiram, the reverse colored Mario. Walked out from a office building. He was wearing a suit and holding a briefcase.
Oiram: Finally, a job.
Then his phone buzzed. He read the message and quickly ripped off the suit, revealing his reverse colored Mario cloths. He put on his fez and ran. ——————— Starman3 is sleeping in a cardboard box, but is picked up by Oiram
Starman3(Tired): What? What’s going on? ——————— Evelyn is in her room. A room full of plushies and books about cats and, of course video games and a gaming pc. She is looking on a photograph. She smiles at it and kisses it. It’s a photograph of herself, signed ”To Evelyn, From Evelyn”
He phone buzzes. She looked at it and sighed in relief
Evelyn: Finally!
She took a controller, and left her house ——————— Back in the Lair. SMG3 and the First 3 is waiting.
SMG3: So... what have you guys been doing?
Namai: Well, once we cleaned up the lair.
SMG3: Oh yeah, you did! Nice going, it looks a lot more comfy
Coco: Th-thanks
Namai: Anyways, once we were done, we realized we where low on cash. The Inkopoli-Coins I had wouldn’t last a week. So we went to look for some jobs.
Coco: I... got a job as a waitress ——————— Coco is blushing as she’s in a maid outfit. ——————— Namai: Melony got a teaching degree in computers and programming, while I got to be her spokeswoman, since she can’t talk. ——————— Class Room. Namai is showing on a blackboard how to do a thing, while Namai explains uninterested.
Namai: So if you put this dohicky into the thing, you’ll make the thingamabob much faster. Any questions?
Guy raises his hand
Guy: Could you tell that much better?
Namai pulled up one of her MAC-10s and aimed at him, scaring everyone in the classroom
Namai: No.
Melony crossed her arms and looked at her cyan colored friend
Namai: What? ——————— The others enter the lair
Starman3: So, I guess you have a plan?
Evelyn: Does it involve shocks?
Tish(Excited): and Humiliating Defeats?!
SMG3: All of it and more!
He turned back to the computer
SMG3: Here’s the plan... ——————— A few weeks later(first week of December I think)
SMG4: Hello?
SMG4 was in the warehouse
SMG4: It this where the Meme-vention is supposed to be?
Silence. Complete silence...
SMG4: Wait a minute... this is a trap!
Suddenly! A weird blade came close to his throat, a fencing lance peaked under his ears, and a MAC-10 was aimed above his head. Footsteps came, revealing SMG3 from the shadows
SMG3: Of course it is, stupid!
SMG4: SMG3?!? But how-
His head was batted by a baseball bat, a coconut ”dunk” sound came from SMG4 head and he fell down face first. Small stars and planets span around his head. The batter was Oriam.
Oiram: I kinda forgot I had this
Melony was holding the weird blade, that had handels. Coco was holding the fencing sword, and standing on her shoulders was Namai. The brunette was holding on of Namai’s leg.
SMG3: Phase 1, complete. Let’s begin Phase 2
He smiled evilly ——————— In Peach’s Castle, the gang gets a message at the same time. ”I have your leader. If you want him, come to the abounded warehouse at the docks”. They all look at each other with worried expressions. They run out from the castle ——————— Inside the Warehouse.
Meggy: This feels like trap
Saiko: Maybe, but we have to save him, then break the kidnapper’s skull
Bob: Or We CaN gEt A nEw LeAdEr! I nOmInAtE mY sElF!!
Boopkins: Bob, that’s awful
Mario: I wanna get to SMG4 and slap him!
Luigi: Why?
Mario: Because I wasn’t able to finish my spaghetti!
Tari: Mario, I’m pretty sure you ate it before we left
Mario: But I wanted mooooore!
Suddenly! The floor opened up! Everyone scream in fright as the fell down the darkness ——————— Mario woke up.
Mario: Ow... Mario’s head hurts...
He looked around and saw he was inside some weird square shaped room. Like he was inside a cube! In front was a metal gate, above it was a giant flat tv.
Mario: Where am I?
This was the same for the others in the main cast, but for Meggy, Saiko and Boopkins’ where different shaped and sized blocks. In Tari’s room was a small tv, and a game console with two controllers and two weird wires. Bob had wooden pillars and wood blocks. Luigi’s looked like a set to an old Science Fiction Show, mixing two different alien cultures. Only Mario’s room were empty. The tv’s simultaneously turned on, revealing SMG3 sitting on a throne!
Everyone, but Mario: SMG3!?!
SMG3: Yes! It is I!! And I have retur- wait hold on! ——————— In the Throne Room, which was the main area from the last chapters, SMG3 leans towards a tv, it shows everyone’s rooms, but Mario’s is glitching.
SMG3: Great, Mario’s broken. Oiram! You can leave early. Get to Mario and let loose!
Oiram: Oh goodie!
He was hidden in the shadows, and he left the room. ——————— SMG3(On the Screen): Anyways, Yes! I have returned!
Luigi: But how? It’s almost impossible to escape from the Internet Graveyard!
SMG3(On the Screen): Indeed it is. But I wouldn’t have come out in the first place if it wasn’t for my little assistant!
Melony walked into the view. Everyone gasped!
Meggy: Melony?!
Saiko: The melon?
Tari: Melony?
Bob: WhO?
Boopkins: Meggy’s Anti?
Luigi: The melon?
Melony smiled and waved
Tari(Sad): But... but why?
Meggy: I thought we were friends!?
Melony looked unamused and pulled up a sign written ”Gee, where was that attitude when you threw me in the garbage?”
Saiko: Oh...
Meggy: To be fair, it was Belle who threw you
Melony pulled up a different sign written ”And you let her. Stop talking. You guys are making it worse” ——————— SMG3: I believe that’s enough wound salting, Melony.
She nodded and went to his side.
SMG3: Thanks to this smart little seed, I was able to escape the Internet Graveyard, and I was also able to recruit a new Anti-Cast!
He showed with his hand the Anti-Cast, who was hiding in the dark. Only their eyes were visible.
Bob: Oh CrAp!
Saiko: Are you stupid? What ever he has promised you, he’s lying!
Luigi: You can’t trust him!
SMG3: Oh, I forgot to mention. Unlike my last Anti-Cast, these people have reasons to hate SMG4, or you! Speaking of which, Meggy, Saiko and Tari? Your new antis will be a familiar blast to the past! Also Mario but he can’t hear or see me right now... Anti-Cast! Let’s begin Phase 3!
The eyes turned and moved away, while Melony followed them. The tv screen turned off. All the gang could do was to stand ready... ——————— SMG3 grinned as he turned the throne he sat to a giant cage with SMG4 sitting in it
SMG4: You won’t get away with this!
SMG3: Not yet, but soon... muhahahahaha!
Continued in Act 2
submitted by GynaTheGynoidOFCI to SMG4 [link] [comments]

A working mail app?

I orginally went to Andriod for the speed, flexability and the S8 Keyboard case (Makes me popular with the ladies), but I want to do so only if there's a mail app that functions like the iOS mailapp. In 2018, this wasn't the case.
I'm looking for a mail app that...
- Allows opening more than one draft at a time
- Doesn't break the line when wraping text
- Good plain-text & formatted-text handeling
- Does not rewrite link addresses with the name of the link plus it's full address.
- Trust that my 100+ drafts won't be deleted because of a bug
- Stable and doesn't crash
I left Andriod for a stable Mail app and the apple touch screen. Apple no longer uses the same touch screen as in older models, and although the Mail app will continue to be stable, iOS will not; so i'm prepping for a return.
Any ideas?
submitted by Allllllyson to androidapps [link] [comments]

I have some questions about weight loss, calories and nutrition

So i have a problem, i started counting my calories about a week ago, and it said to lose weight i have to cut my calories by 500, so i did, but what i noticed is that even my normal day of eating, before getting on a diet doesnt reach my calorie goal, but i was never losing weight. Im an active person, i go to the gym 5 times/week, i started to eat more protein as of recently, i never even ate any fast foods, sodas and other crap like that, but i still have my love handels and my belly. Im not overweight by any means, but my stomach area is hurting my physique very much, so i guess some of the questions i need answered are:
  1. How did i not lose weight before starting to count my calories, if i never reached my calorie cap with a normal day of eating and not eating unheathy foods that much?
  2. How long will it take with proper nutrition and exercise(about 5 times a week in the gym) to lose around 30 pounds of body weight
  3. On the my fitness pal app it says i need to intake around 370g of carbs a day and around 100g of fat, i can never intake that many carbs no matter how much i eat, and im trying to keep my fat amonts as low as possible, so how important is it to reach your carb and fat daily goals, compared to reaching your protein goals, and will it diminish my weight loss if i dont reach my carb and fat goals on a daily basis?
  4. How much cardio do i need to implement per week to maximise weight loss
  5. How long until i start seeing any results?
submitted by Tavel99 to loseit [link] [comments]

IT'S NATIONAL ICE CREAM DAY! Places to get ice cream for National Ice Cream Day around the Phoenix-area

IT'S NATIONAL ICE CREAM DAY! Places to get ice cream for National Ice Cream Day around the Phoenix-area submitted by charliegriefer to phoenix [link] [comments]

September 14th, 2020: Mandahrk Interview (Part 1 of 2)

Due to the number of questions Mandahrk received from the community, the interview exceeded reddit's character limit, and will be split into two parts! The questions from the NSI team will be in this post, and the community questions will be included in the second. You can read part two here.
Tell us a little about yourself.
Hello everyone! I am a 25 year old civil engineer from India. I grew up in towns so small they didn't have proper internet connections until the mid 2000s and little me couldn't even have imagined that one day I would be writing for a large international audience like this.
As one of the few, if not only, writers of your nationality and history on NoSleep, are there any distinct challenges you find in your writing and interactions with the subreddit?
The love and support I have received from this community has been nothing short of incredible. I certainly did not expect this. When I first started writing for nosleep I was worried that my stories won't be good enough and that if I write about India people won't easily connect with them, simply because the setting is so unfamiliar to most of the sub. But since I was mostly writing for myself and since I had seen WriteChrisWrite's series based on Hindu mythology do really well I stuck to my guns and lo and behold - my first story to crack 5k upvotes - the first part of a series - was as Indian as it gets, and unlike the aforementioned series that focused on immigrants in the United States, it was set in India, had Indian characters and even referenced Indian TV shows in the first part itself.
The success of that story gave me the confidence to begin carving a niche for myself on the sub. I saw that people were craving for content from other parts of the world, as it keeps horror fresh. It's why Japanese monsters are all the rage right now. And so I began writing about myths and legends I grew up with, about characters based on people I personally knew, and the response was great! To be the first writer from India to get a modicum of popularity on nosleep was (and is) absolutely a big honor for me.
But of course I didn't want to be typecast as just "the Indian guy", so I experimented and the next story that blew up was from the perspective of an American character. This was a whole new challenge for me as I'm not American, and the only knowledge I have of American life is through books and films and TV shows. So I focused on universal themes and that made it much easier for me to connect with people from all around the world - things that scare you, things that you treasure - you can touch the hearts of people from any nationality if you focus on the core human experience. I mean, to my utter surprise, my 'This is why mimes are much more terrifying than clowns' is astonishingly popular in Vietnam of all places. There's even an animated video of it in Vietnamese that's now sitting at over half a million views. Just incredible.
Of course the internet being what it is, I also got some hate. But I just used that hate to fuel my creativity.
When did you first become interested in horror?
I was about 4 years old when 'woh' was airing on TV. It was an Indian adaptation of Stephen King's IT and its opening was scary enough to rival American Horror Story at its best. My father thought it would be a good idea to watch the show with me on his lap. It wasn't. It scared me so bad that I would start bawling at the mere sight of this clown doll that I had. My parents had to throw it away. And I used to love that doll.
But I wasn't just frightened, I was also fascinated. I craved that adrenaline rush that consuming horror fiction gave me. There were other Indian horror shows airing at that time - shhh koi hai, zee horror show, Aahat, Aap Beeti and others that I would try to watch behind my parents' back. Soon I graduated to Hollywood horror with The Descent, the Saw series etc before moving onto Japanese horror. I remember watching the ring on cable TV when my parents weren't home. Gave me nightmares for weeks. I loved it.
Was there a specific moment you knew you wanted to write in that genre?
I'd say it was when I got a copy of my high school's magazine and read a horror short story by a senior. I had always been interested in writing fantasy, but I knew that it was a long term goal and that my writing needed to improve in preparation for that. And the best way to do that was by writing short stories. I just didn't know what kind I wanted to write. But after I read my senior's story, I knew what I wanted to do. I read some Stephen King shorts and wrote my first one about a kid who's selling lemonade to his neighbours while his mother's corpse rots in his house. I would write every now and then but didn't really get serious about pursuing writing as a hobby until last year. For nosleep.
That's a very creepy early story! Where else have you found inspiration? Have real life experiences ever made their way into your work?
Inspiration is everywhere. You can find stories hidden in the most mundane of things. You just need an active imagination. I was out on a run the other day and saw this girl taking her pregnant dog out for a walk and I thought wouldn't it be funny if she gave birth to a human baby? And I turned that into a story.
My first story to hit the top spot - Every night for the last 18 years someone has been sneaking into my bedroom and sleeping next to me - is based on my childhood fears. I was terrified of sleeping on my side because I would keep imagining someone lying down behind me and gently caressing my back. The character in the story stacked pillows next to him - something I very much used to do.
Hide'N'Seek is also drawn from experience. I was playing that game at a friend's house, and I did see someone lying down like a corpse on a ledge when it was my turn to search.
See, when you're writing a story you should remember that only if it scares you will it have a shot at scaring others. Not otherwise. That's why it's important to keep it personal.
Every night for the last 18 years someone has been sneaking into my bedroom and sleeping next to me features a pistach, and you mentioned admiring a fellow author's series featuring Hindu myths. Do you have plans to incorporate other myths and creatures from Hindu theology and culture in your future writing?
Absolutely. India is such a mesmerizing country. Culture, language, food - everything changes here every 100 km or so and there is just a treasure trove of myths and legends waiting to be explored. I'm glad that there are finally horror movies like Tumbbad that are starting to dig deep into local mythology and I can't wait to do the same in my stories.
Your story Fake News feels so relevant in our times of technology, social media, and mass panic, often stemming from rumors with no factual support. No matter where in the world one lives it seems people from all cultures have fallen victim to this epidemic. Was this story based on something that actually happened in your area?
Yes. The story is based on an actual spate of lynching that occurred in India in 2017. Dozens of people were killed in separate incidents over baseless child abduction rumors that appeared out of nowhere and spread through whatsapp groups like wildfire. Mob violence isn't anything new in India, there have been numerous riots that have occured since independence in 1947. But in almost all of these incidents, the riots were organised by political parties - fanning flames of hatred with incendiary speeches, spreading fake news, organising mobs and providing weapons to them, deliberately holding back the police or even having them participate in the killings etc. However in the 2017 killings, no political party was overtly involved - they were completely organic, carried out at the grassroots level by common people themselves with no provocation. And that terrifies me - the idea that perfectly normal people can suddenly turn into monsters and kill in broad daylight for absolutely no reason just scares the living hell out of me.
Ever since then I've been interested in the role social media plays in our lives. How can people, even those who are highly educated, fall for just the most unbelievable, fact-free nonsense they read on the internet and turn into blood thirsty monsters?
How did you discover NoSleep? What prompted you to begin writing for it?
It was late 2015 and I was in college. It must have been around 3 am and I was sitting in front of the clock tower with a group of friends around a small bonfire exchanging ghost stories. A friend of mine gave me a list of the scariest horror shorts on YouTube. One of them was an adaptation of the 'smiling man' creepypasta. I discovered nosleep the next day. And I've been hooked ever since.
During this time I came across inaaace's air traffic controller story and it was the scariest thing I had ever read. I knew then that I wanted to write for nosleep and try and scare others as much as this story had scared me. Eventually I graduated college, got over my procrastination and hesitation and finally began writing last year. My 'This is why mines are much more terrifying than clowns' was a homage to him and I think it's why so many people who read that story found it to have a 'classic nosleep' feel to it. Because it was meant to be that way.
What NoSleep stories and/or authors have had the strongest impact on you?
There are so many authors here who've had an impact me and continue to influence my work that I'm afraid I'll end up forgetting about some people. But anyway, here goes nothing.
inaaace - for his absolutely terrifying imagination. WriteChrisWrite - for his all you can eat diner series (which is no longer there on nosleep as it is being adapted into a TV show) where he used monsters from hindu mythology, which gave me the confidence to start writing about things that I'm most familiar with. TheJesseClarke - for expanding my understanding of horror. dopabeane - for her mesmerising prose. verastahl and Mr_outlaw_ - their work helped me create my own extended universe. The_Dalek_Emperor - one of the all time greats of nosleep. Borrasca, room 733, all classics. Max-Voynich - for introducing a surrealist element to horror that was sorely missing on nosleep. Seriously, his writing is a treat for the senses.
Literally everyone over at /thecrypticcompendium. Having the opportunity to pry open their skulls and peer into their imaginations has been a fascinating experience.
There are so many others - u/nslewis, u/fainting--goat, M59gar, headofspectre, samhaysom, Cymoril_Melnibone Elias_witherow, searchandrescuewoods, harrison_prince, TheColdPeople, dariuspilgrim, 1000Vultures, bloodstains, magpie_quill, Coney-IslandQueen.
Some stories on nosleep that etched themselves onto my memory, in no particular order are -
Left/Right game by NeonTempo - imaginative concept executed flawlessly.
What happens when the stars go out by thejesseclarke - makes my bawl every time I read it.
Third Parent by Elias_Witherow - the only story on nosleep that I haven't been able to bring myself to read again.
Uncle Gerry's family Fun zone by red_grin - it is the perfect horror short story and each read reveals something new.
What is the most terrifying thing you have personally experienced?
When I was 12 I had this mole on the small of my back that was gradually increasing in size. Swelling up like a little balloon. I showed it to my parents and they took me to the doctor, who told us that it was a benign tumorous growth that would have to be removed. It was the most scared I've ever been in my life. To stop myself from bursting into tears in the hospital I kept pestering the nursing staff with questions. They were really professional and helped me keep my nerves in check, to the point that I was pretty quiet when they wheeled me into the operating theatre and knocked me out with an anaesthetic. Thankfully the surgery went smoothly and I even got to see the chunk of flesh they cut out of me!
We're so glad you were able to have it taken care of and are okay, that's so frightening! You mention another real-life fear in your story Manpig, where you delve into the topic of bullying, and the horrible results it can have. What prompted the story, and its notably grim ending?
I actually wrote that to subvert what I believe has become a bit of a trope on nosleep. There have been many stories about physically unappealing, almost monstrous people/creatures that seem terrifying on the surface, but are in fact just misunderstood and even end up befriending the protagonist. The only evil that exists in such stories comes from "normal" people. I thought it would be a fun sleight of hand to get everyone to sympathise with Manpig only to reveal him as a monster in the end.
Another reason that it ended on such a dark note is that it was a deliberate choice. I find myself struggling with grim endings, it's hard for me to kill off characters I love. The thing is that horror is at its most memorable when it leaves you feeling hopeless at the end. That's why I've been making a conscious effort to try and make my readers feel despair by the time they finish reading. At least in some of my stories.
What are some of your biggest influences from media?
Stephen King. Because obviously. I don't think there's anyone writing horror today that hasn't been at least somewhat influenced by the man.
I also really love Shirley Jackson. Her prose took some getting used to but once I did, I enjoyed her work immensely. She's great at slowly playing with your mind and her characters are some of the most well fleshed out in horror.
There's also Joe Hill, Thomas Olde Huevelt (HEX was devastating), Adam Nevill, Paul Tremblay, Victor Lavalle, and Mark Danielewski (house of leaves is such an inventive book).
Moving away from horror I'm a huge fan of Arundhati Roy - she cuts through the wilful ignorance and hypocrisy of privileged Indians in a way that is very rare for writers over here. Then of course there is Dr. Ambedkar, whose Annihilation of Caste continues to be the most revolutionary thing I've ever read. Amitav Ghosh, Salman Rushdie, Khushwant Singh (his stories on partition of India are awe-inspiring) - all legends. I also devoured Premchand's stories as a child, but his work is a part of the hindi literary tradition.
Now growing up, I loved fantasy. Lord the rings was the first book I ever truly fell in love with. It was a tattered old thing when I bought it, and is still one of my most treasured possessions. I have the fondest memory of searching for old books with my father at Daryaganj in Delhi. (Oscar Wilde, Shakespeare, Dickens - I was introduced to all the classics because of this street market.)
My mother is a huge book lover as well. She's got trunks and trunks of books - everything from Enid Blyton to Jeffrey Archer and Mario Puzo. Got my love of reading from her.
The series Every year for the last 3 centuries our town has been sacrificing its women to protect the world is an edge-of-your-seat ride documenting a man and his harrowing experience with something...otherwordly that has his town in its grip. Since you mentioned Shirley Jackson, was this story, however much more fleshed out, initially inspired by her classic tale The Lottery?
It absolutely was! I loved the idea of the lottery - generation after generation following a violent ritual that they don't even understand or question anymore. Letting some inexplicable horror become a part of your life - what a fascinating concept. And it is set in a small town too - the most fertile ground for horror. I wanted to do something similar - write about a cold Himalayan town, but didn't want to explore the same themes in the exact same way. So I turned Shirley Jackson's subtle psychological horror about blindly following tradition into a popcorn thriller, wove it into my extended universe and it became my favourite story that I've ever written.
Do you ever plan on revisiting Rocky and the group he works for?
Yes! I have outlines of multiple series planned out in my head already and will be going through them one by one. In fact, I'm current writing a series set in the universe.
Other than writing, what are some of your hobbies? What other creative mediums do you enjoy?
I absolutely love music. I will literally listen to anything. From Rammstein to Frank Ocean to Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, my playlist is a hodge podge of genres. Hell I was just listening to Black Pink's latest song a couple of days ago. The tonal shifts in my playlist can be so jarring they can give people whiplash.
But my first love will always be Punjabi music. Give me some Jassi Gill or Sidhu Moosewala and I'm ready to bring the house down.
Apart from music I love acting. I was involved in the theatre scene in high school and college but decided not to pursue it. From improv to street plays to staged productions - I've done it all, in both English and Hindi. I'm a bit of an introvert, but just love being on stage. I was once so into a performance I dislocated my shoulder. Finished my part though, before collapsing in pain when I was alone. Popped that fucker right back in myself. But the damn thing ended my chances at playing for my college's basketball team.
Do you ever explore writing other genres besides horror? If so, what other styles of writing? Which do you prefer?
Oh yes. I wanted to write my own high fantasy epic after reading the Lord of the Rings. Still do. But it's on the back burner for now. For when I'm a better writer. At the moment I'm content with writing horror and exploring its different facets.
How much time do you spend writing in an average day or week? Do you have any rituals that help you focus?
When I'm not working on a series I generally average around 3-4 hours a week. I don't really have rituals as such. I just write whenever I have some free time and the mood strikes me. Though I do at times listen to music to set the mood. Especially if I'm writing an action sequence. In that case I generally fall back on classical music - like Mozart's Lacrimosa or Handel's Sarabende or even Vivaldi's four seasons. If you're writing violence to thrill, and not to horrify, finding elegance in it is the way to go. And listening to classical music helps me get into that mindset.
When crafting a piece of fiction, do you generally start with an outline or simply begin writing?
It really depends on what I'm writing. Sometimes it'll be an idea that goes off in my head like a lightbulb and I'll write the story down in less than half an hour. No outline, no idea of how it's going to end, I'll just go with the flow and see where the story takes me. 'Every night for the last 18 years someone has been sneaking into my bedroom and sleeping next to me' began as a sentence and I wrote the first part in 16 minutes. I actually saw how much time it took.
On the other hand, some stories will be meticulously planned. Like the 'I just met the lone survivor of a village that disappeared over 200 years ago' series and the 'My Home Owners Association seems to be a little too passionate about enforcing its rules' series were all planned out from start to finish and it took me weeks to write them.
Wow! That's some intensive planning. Your HOA series takes an inventive approach to the common "rules" series we see on NoSleep, with all the rules being fairly typical and benign, but the consequences of breaking them proving fatal. What led you to the concept, and in particular, the revelation that the people behind the rules are white supremacists?
Rules based stories have been doing really well on nosleep for a while now and I knew that I wanted to do my own spin on them. It's certainly not the first such series I had written either. My rule-breaker series was also a subversion of the concept. I love playing around with ideas - to see how I can stand out from the crowd and do my own thing.
After wracking my brain for a while I eventually decided to write about rules that appear perfectly normal at first glance but something sinister is lurking just beneath the surface. It was awesome, because not only was it a novel concept, but having "normal" rules added an extra element of mystery and suspense to the story as well. That's because when you see a rule in a story and it tells the protagonist to ignore the little girl that walks the hallway between 3:03 AM and 3:13 AM, you as a reader are already somewhat aware of what's going to happen. But when there's a rule specifying that trash cans must not be kept outside the allowed hours, you're completely in the dark and are left wondering - what could the possible consequences of that be?
As to why white supremacists? I'll answer that in the next question :)
Have you received any backlash for including racial elements in your stories? How do you approach the topics with the appropriate gravity and awareness?
Funnily enough, I got absolutely zero backlash for the series and the response was overwhelmingly positive. In fact, it was the other way around - racial "backlash" was what prompted me to write the story in the first place. When my grandfather, who fought in the second world war once told me a story that has haunted me ever since hit 6k upvotes, I got a slew of racist messages from this one guy who kept creating accounts specifically to hurl racist abuse at me. It incensed him to see an Indian do so well on the subreddit. Bigots just can't handle the fact that the world is rapidly changing around them.
It made me laugh. And I thought okay buddy, now I'm gonna write about a middle aged Muslim man killing a bunch of neo Nazis in suburban America.
But it's not like I wrote that series specifically for that one guy. With so much ethnic strife around the world I had wanted to write about tolerance, and about being intolerant of intolerance, and that is why, to me - the inclusion of David in the HOA series was so important. Here's an old white man, as patriotic as they come, with an American flag fluttering outside his house, who's also lost his son to the endless war on terror, but still refuses to give in to hatred, and actively fights against it. He's the embodiment of my belief that a better world is possible, and his bond with his muslim neighbour becomes the most significant aspect of the series.
Another one of your in-depth series, The Inheritance Game - What exactly would you be willing to do for $300 million?, is incredibly intricate, with the plot relying heavily on the interactions of the characters. How far in advance did you draft out the story, and who the ultimate survivors would be?
Inheritance Game was my own take on the battle royale genre (belko experiment, hunger games etc). I wanted there to be a cerebral element to the old kill everyone else mayhem and so added to the stress that my characters would go through by forcing them to think, to do calculations, to form alliances and more. I planned it out from the start to finish and was so happy that I was able to distract most of my readers from who the mastermind was. It was the first time that I had used red herrings and misdirection and it worked out fabulously.
Planning it was a bitch though - I had to make a chart to keep track of all the characters and how they were related to each others. Thankfully, one of the readers, Reflaxo was kind enough to draw a family tree on paint and it really helped!
We've seen other bizarre will readings in media in the similar (though far less deadly) The Westing Game, and the twisting whodunit Knives Out, among others—if you were to do your personal twist on the idea, what odd stipulations would you place in your own will?
You know what? It would be fun to have some sort of a treasure hunt in my will. Whoever gets to the goal first gets to keep all the money. This would of course be only if I hate my family (which I don't).
Now that I think about it, this would make for a great sequel to the Inheritance game - have people go around some city solving sinister, often fatal puzzles while they plot against each other - a terrifying race! But damn, just thinking about the planning that this would require gives me a headache.
Have any of your stories ever involved research? If so, what was involved?
Almost all of them. When I'm writing from the perspective of an American character I have to do research on the tiniest of things. What kind of architecture is common there, what materials are used to build a house, what do people eat, how are law enforcement departments structured, radio call signs used by the military - things that might be ordinary to you isn't so much for me. Hell, I even made a post on nosleepooc asking about what HOAs are like.
Are there any topics you feel are too controversial for you to address or that you prefer not to explore in your writing?
I think don't think there are any topics that are too controversial to be addressed, as long as they are handled with proper care. Personally, I like to explore anything and everything in my work. I believe that writing and/or reading about the most horrific things can have a cathartic effect and can help us deal with the pain that comes to be associated with these events. But these topics (sexual assault, transphobia, racism etc) must be treated with respect or else it's just exploitative.
What are your feelings toward NoSleep's immersion/plausibility rule? What impact, if any, do you think the suspension of disbelief format may have when transitioning your work toward a mass audience unfamiliar with NoSleep?
I am of two minds when it comes to this rule. On hand it sets this platform apart as its own thing and helps weed out a lot of what would ultimately end up becoming extremely repetitive stuff. It's only because of this that nosleep isn't choked with series after series about the zombie apocalypse. It also forces writers to be a bit creative and does away with the 'I was dead the whole time' cliche to an extent. I also enjoy the role playing aspect of it. Quite a bit actually. Especially when its a long series and everyone is invested in it.
On the other hand, I hate how almost half the comments end up being deleted because of the immersion rule. Feedback, praise, criticism - these are all important and they all end up being removed. Sometimes I'll scroll past a story with hundreds of comments and it'll just be a sea of [deleted], [deleted]. The comments we get on our stories are little packets of memories for us and it's annoying to see them get deleted.
Do you have any favorite reader reactions to your writing?
I love any and all reader reactions! I am grateful that I have the opportunity to share my imagination with other people. And it's even more special when my stories are able to connect with someone. When they're invested in seeing where a series will go, when they're touched by a story or get shit scared or even repulsed - it really warms my heart. Seeing my name and my stories pop up in recommendation threads makes me ecstatic.
But if I had to pick the most memorable reactions I've seen, I think I would go with the girls sending me links to their onlyfans accounts via dms and comments on my story about the platform ;)
What story or project are you most proud of?
1st November 1984. It was an incredibly personal story and it was very difficult for me to write. But I'm really proud of how it turned out. I'm glad that it ended up being one of my most popular stories and that I could bring the truth of that horrible event to so many people. The heartfelt messages I received from people on the sub and from other Sikhs who found the story really made my eyes water.
It's been 36 years since the anti-sikh genocide and justice has still not been served. And that makes it so important that its history is remembered and passed down from generation to generation. It's extremely satisfying that I could contribute to that in my own small way.
What an amazing way to use NoSleep to shine light on a horrific time in history that took so many lives. 1st November, 1984 brought forth an outpouring of comments from people whose families had been affected, in addition to those who were learning of this tragedy for the first time. You can feel a strong sense of solidarity among your readers and a thankfulness for bringing knowledge about such a dark time. Did you expect to get such a response from this story? You say it was personal—did you have family impacted by this, and if so, was it cathartic to share this story? Is there ongoing turmoil and trauma in your country due to these events?
I didn't think that the story would get this popular. But I'm so glad that it did. Like I said, it's been 36 years since the pogrom and we still haven't seen justice. Court cases are still dragging on and many of the killers have died natural deaths. There's just so much unresolved trauma in the Sikh community. The rot was so systemic back then - everyone from police to politicians to media to bureaucracy - all were involved in spreading hate and organising the genocide. Keeping quiet and bottling it all in became the norm for our families, for fear of state reprisal. It got so bad that many young Sikhs living in the west today are unaware of the extent of the tragedy. I know that just reading that story was cathartic for many older Sikhs and the heartfelt messages I received are a testament to that fact.
I'm so glad that I decided to write it. We need to remember what happened in 1984. If we can't get the victims justice, the least we can do is remember them. Forgetting their suffering might be an even bigger crime than what happened all those years ago. Writing it and spreading awareness about the genocide to so many people was a tremendously gratifying experience.
I must say here that it's only because of TheJesseClarke's As I walk through the valley of the shadow of death that I realised that there was space for stories like this on nosleep.
And yes. My family did suffer in 1984. My dad's family lost their home (which was later taken over by someone else), their business and had to shift to Punjab (a traditionally sikh dominated state in India) with nothing but the clothes on their backs. My Dad was in college back then, and had to make the terrifying journey all alone. My mother's family faced the same. They were boycotted by their neighbours and had to ultimately pack everything and travel over 2200 km to get to safety. Thankfully, no harm came to any of them. But they knew plenty of people who were butchered, especially in Delhi which was the epicenter of the violence.
1984 was the biggest reason why despite being born in a Sikh family I've never had long hair and have never worn a turban. I grew up to be an atheist, but I still feel like what could have been a part of my identity was robbed from me.
What's the most valuable lesson you've learned since you began posting to NoSleep?
I'm sure others have said this, but upvotes don't really say everything there is to say about the quality of a story. There are many factors that decide whether a story becomes popular on nosleep or not, and its quality is just one of them. In fact, one of my favourite series - little house on Briar rose drive - barely cracked 100 upvotes. It really taught me to write for myself first and foremost instead of always worrying about whether other people will like it or not.
Not to mention there is something special about writing a series that hovers around 500 upvotes or so but with the same 15-20 people commenting on each part. It's like telling a campfire story to your friends. That intimacy is somewhat lost when your story hits the top spot and you're more focused on other things instead of just enjoying the ride. (Psst - that doesn't mean I don't feel gutted each time a story of mine fails to hit the #1 spot. But that's fine. Failures help me appreciate successes more).
As a successful author on NoSleep, do you have any advice for new contributors?
Oh gee... Me? Successful? Why, thank you very much!
To anyone considering posting on nosleep or those who already have a couple of stories out on the sub, I would just like to say that practice makes perfect. Keep writing. The only effective way to get better at one's craft is by working on it. Don't worry about writing the perfect story or getting negative reactions, just start writing. And put yourself out there. Get over that hesitation and post you story! Let others see your work. Crossing that hurdle is the first and the most important step in any writer's journey.
One thing I'd like to add here, is that just writing isn't enough. If you keep writing in a vaccum you'll soon end up plateauing and you'll be stuck at a certain skill level. You may even end up developing some bad habits - like repeating words, character arcs etc. To break through you'll need an extra push. What might that be, you ask? Reading. But don't read as a reader, read as a writer. Stories on nosleep, horror books recently published, other books in other genres - read everything that grabs your interest. And see how writers write. Take notes if you have to. Because I do. Sentence construction, character development, use of metaphors, how to build suspense - you can learn a lot, just by changing how you read. Read, till you find your own 'voice'. And then read some more.
Next - Get in touch with other writers. Show them your work. Ask for help. Look for ways to improve your craft. Feedback is important. Feedback from people who know what they're doing is priceless.
Your advice for writers to read more is truly some of the best advice we've heard. To bear the fruit, you must also ingest the fruit. You are what you eat and all that. So, looking forward, what are some of your short-term and long-term writing goals?
I am currently working on a series that I would like to put out as soon as possible. There's also a collaboration with three other authors that's been stuck in development hell for months now. Would like to get that show on the road as soon as possible.
Long term writing goal - I want to get a book published in India in the traditional way. Something to do with magical realism.
Due to the number of questions Mandahrk received from the community, the interview exceeded reddit's character limit, and will be split into two parts! You can read part two here.
submitted by NSIMods to NoSleepInterviews [link] [comments]

I have a few questions about calories, weight loss, and nutrition

So i have a problem, i started counting my calories about a week ago, and it said to lose weight i have to cut my calories by 500, so i did, but what i noticed is that even my normal day of eating, before getting on a diet doesnt reach my calorie goal, but i was never losing weight. Im an active person, i go to the gym 5 times/week, i started to eat more protein as of recently, i never even ate any fast foods, sodas and other crap like that, but i still have my love handels and my belly. Im not overweight by any means, but my stomach area is hurting my physique very much, so i guess some of the questions i need answered are:
  1. How did i not lose weight before starting to count my calories, if i never reached my calorie cap with a normal day of eating and not eating unheathy foods that much?
  2. How long will it take with proper nutrition and exercise(about 5 times a week in the gym) to lose around 30 pounds of body weight
  3. On the my fitness pal app it says i need to intake around 370g of carbs a day and around 100g of fat, i can never intake that many carbs no matter how much i eat, and im trying to keep my fat amonts as low as possible, so how important is it to reach your carb and fat daily goals, compared to reaching your protein goals, and will it diminish my weight loss if i dont reach my carb and fat goals on a daily basis?
  4. How much cardio do i need to implement per week to maximise weight loss
  5. How long until i start seeing any results?
submitted by Tavel99 to WeightLossAdvice [link] [comments]

A few questions about YouTube Shorts

I have a few questions about YouTube shorts I can’t find the answer to online:
  1. Is it good for gaining subscribers?
  2. Are they considered videos by YouTube or is it it’s own category like streams?
  3. Do these count for watch time if viewed from your channel or somewhere other than the Shorts and Stories section on the mobile app?
  4. What counts as a vertical video? Is there a specific aspect ratio?
  5. Will making Shorts drown out your channel’s other actual videos on your Handel page and suggestions?
  6. Is it only worthwhile making these if you have another channel for them specifically?
  7. Is making a TikTok account and posting on there a better use of your time?
Hopefully someone can answer these. I’m sure others have similar questions
submitted by IGotQuestions8564 to NewTubers [link] [comments]

How do I position my left hand and body when my left hand plays higher than middle C? (I also feel uncomfortable when my right hand is below middle C). And also, how to make right hand's 4 & 5 independent from each other?

I'm a beginner that started three weeks ago. I have learned to read using Flowkey app but ditched it after the trial. I also don't have access to a nearby piano teacher so I'm learning by myself. I don't know how to use the sustain pedal yet as well.
My struggle right now is when notes (esp. left hand) are really far from each other. And doing chord with black keys on right hand.
I was able to to Canon D's left hand with practice but struggling to make the notes' volume consistent. With my right hand, I'm struggling to press chords with my unindependent 4 & 5.
On this one ( | Passacaglia - Handel/Halvorsen) Note patterns are very repititive but I'm struggling with left hand because I cannot make consistent jumps. Right hand is easy though.
I tried Kiss The Rain by Yiruma ( since I find it slow but my left hand is so uncomfortable trying to play above middle C.
The only piece I can play without a problem is Bouree ( (the video is not me). I learned it from the app. Maybe I can improve it by learning how to pedal.
After learning on the app, I just went straight to some pieces I think I could read easily but I find it hard now. Maybe I still need to learn something next before actually playing but I don't know. Please help.
submitted by Pseudopreneur to piano [link] [comments]

Common Viola Repertoire Catalog | Wing Ho's Viola Teaching Class Part 6

All about Viola | Common Viola Repertoire Catalog
In this session, professor Wing Ho will introduce some important viola teaching materials.
Content of Wing Ho’s lecture is as follows (edited in first person):
Hello, everyone. Welcome to my session. Before I start to introduce the viola teaching materials, I would like to give you 8 suggestions. In my opinion, the suggestions are important to the viola teachers, and the students who will become teachers in the future.

8 Suggestions on Viola Practice

The Title, Composer, Key signature and Opus Number of the work we play.

The information mentioned above is significant. When I was in college in the United States, I felt embarrassed when I could not answer my professors’ questions about the background story of the piece I played. The same happened to some of my master class students.
In my opinion, all the players should form a good habit of knowing well about the piece being played. Personally, every time before my students start to play, I train them by asking the background information. The young learners tend to know the piece better after being asked for several times. During the student concerts, all my students will tell the audience aloud the information of the piece they are about to play, only then will they start to perform.

Urtext Editions of the Music Score.

Here I would like to share a picture containing the two versions of the urtext editions.
An urtext edition of a work is a printed version intended to reproduce the original intention of the composer as exactly as possible, without any addition or modification. Students can find the word “urtext” on the covers of the two books showed above.
These two versions of the urtext editions are authoritative. Also, there may be different versions of the sheet music of a same work contained in the books. 1 version is the urtext edition, while the other version may contain some fingerings or other markings added by other experts.
These two versions of the urtext editions are authoritative. Also, there may be different versions of the sheet music of a same work contained in the books. One is the urtext edition, while the other version may contain some fingerings or other markings added by other experts.
With the 2 versions of the sheet music, we can play more accurately. The students can take a look at the added markings first, and then sight-read the urtext edition of the work. During the playing, students can also add some techniques which are helpful for reproducing the composer’s original intention. The urtext edition can be regarded as a template.

Refer to different versions of the sheet music.

I like to collect sheet music myself. Every time when I find a different version of the sheet music I already have, I just buy it. Sometimes I can find different fingerings and bowing techniques in different versions, which may help me get improved. Therefore, it is helpful for the players to refer to different versions of the sheet music. But first, we need to have the urtext editions.

Find the sheet music with accompaniment CDs.

The accompaniment CDs are also useful for musicians. We can find the sheet music with accompaniments online. The accompaniments in Violy App are great for the music beginners to play along with, also, the speed of the piano accompaniments on Violy App is adjustable. By practicing with music accompaniments, it can really improve the musicality.

Find more music information online.

We can find detailed information related to the pieces we play, such as the composers of the works, and the ways of playing the works. The players should make good use of the Internet to search for more information.

Listen to the recording of your own playing.

In the past, we did not attend many concerts. Most of the time, we were listening to the recordings. But there were few high quality recordings. When I was young, every time when I found a good recording, I would listen to it for so many times that the tape broke.
Nowadays, we can find the latest things on the Internet. We are able to find all newly published works online, and most of the works are free.
I always ask my students to listen to different versions of a certain piece, so the students can communicate with each other, and discuss which version they like best and why. On the basis of listening to different versions, the students can make a detailed analysis of the work.
With the Internet, we can easily find the recordings we need. The students should know how to use the online resources effectively.

Take notes on the sheet music.

Personally, I like to mark the fingerings and bowing techniques on the sheet music. But other viola teachers may not recommend their students to do this. They like to memorize the marks instead of writing them down.
In my opinion, taking notes on the sheet music can be very helpful to the students, because once they become teachers, they can build their own system of markings on the basis of their note-taking. The system of markings will help their teaching. Also, they can make changes to the markings instantly. Besides, the teachers may refer to useful markings in their students’ sheet music if it is necessary. Different students may get used to different markings.
In my view, if the students keep making mistakes while playing a certain passage, they are likely to have some problems with their fingerings or bowing techniques. The students are supposed to find the optimal hand frames, which can help them place their fingers naturally.
It is not wise for us to practice too much without adjusting the fingerings. We should try all types of fingerings first, and then we will be able to know which type is suitable for us. Different players tend to use different fingerings. Knowing the fingerings better can also help the teaching.

Keep your sheet music.

Some players may misplace their sheet music after playing, which can be a bad habit. Then they may not be able to find the sheet music next time before practicing. We should always keep our sheet music. The sheet music can be used for a lifetime. Actually, some sheet music I still use today used to belong to my mother. There are precious markings contained in her sheet music. We should form the habit of keeping the sheet music.

The Catalog of Recommended Viola Sheet Music

Now I would like to share a catalog of viola sheet music. The catalog does not contain every piece, but the most popular ones are covered. It can be helpful to the viola teachers and students. There are 6 categories of sheet music contained in the catalog:

Basic Training

There are some scales and etudes included in the category “Basic Training”.


There are 3 scale systems, including that of Hřímalý, Carl Flesch, and Galamian.
Hřímalý’s scale system is the earliest one. Most students are familiar with Hřímalý’s scales. There are 24 notes contained in every descending and ascending scale in Hřímalý’s system, which can be useful for the students to practice. But there are only 2 arpeggios included in this system.
Carl Flesch’s scales consist of triplets. There are 21 notes contained in every descending and ascending scale. Besides, there are 7 arpeggios included in Carl Flesch’s system, which are frequently used by the viola players. In China, Hřímalý’s and Carl Flesch’s scale systems are the most popular ones. For the students at higher levels, they tend to use one scale system of Carl Flesch’s, or Hřímalý’s, and Carl Flesch’s arpeggios. For the students at lower levels, they prefer Hřímalý’s scales and arpeggios.
Galamian was an American music educator. There are 24 notes contained in every descending and ascending scale in his scale system. Besides, there are 10 arpeggios included in the system. In the United States, Galamian’s scale system is widely used in the music conservatories, such as The Julliard School and Curtis Institute of Music.
There are other scale systems as well. I will not introduce them here. The 3 scale systems mentioned above are the most commonly used ones. Most viola teachers in China are familiar with all these 3 systems.

Basic Practice

When it comes to the basic practice of viola, I would like to recommend Otakar Ševčík’s books. He wrote 10 books. Almost all exercises, including the movements of the left hand, the movements of the right hand, changing positions, and double stops are covered in those 10 books.
Besides, Sitt’s 100 Viola Etudes are also very useful. The etudes are simple and suitable for the viola beginners to play. The exercises, including shifting the strings, changing positions from the first position to the seventh position, and double stops, are covered in Sitt’s viola etudes.
Ševčík’s books and Sitt’s etudes can help the viola players’ basic practice in an effective way. What’s more, Tartini’s The Art of Bowing for the Violin is also helpful to the students. All bowing techniques are included in this book.

Rhythm Practice

For rhythm practice, I would like to recommend a book called Accuracy in Rhythm. There is no clef or key signature contained in the sheet music in this book, which is to say, the players of all string instruments including violin, viola, cello, and double bass can practice the pieces in different keys.
There are 2 parts in every piece. Therefore, teachers and their students can play together. Or the players can clap to the beats of one part, and tap to the beats of the other part at the same time. We can practice in this way while using the metronome. In this book, there are over 50 pieces covering almost all types of rhythms, incluing random rhythm and regular rhythm.
Players can find an explanation above the sheet music of every piece included in this book. I have already translated this book, but the translated version has not been published yet. I may introduce you to the book in detail in the future.


There are two types of etudes contained in my catalog. One type of etudes are the violin etudes being played on viola, while the other type of etudes are originally written for viola.
Here I would like to share a list of the etude books. The books can be found online:

The Books containing the violin etudes played on viola:

Dont: 24 Etudes and Caprices for Violin Solo, Op. 35
Dont: 24 Preparatory to Kreutzer and Rode Studies, Op. 37
Fiorillo: 36 Etudes or Caprices for Violin Solo
Hofmann: 20 Studies, Op. 86
Hofmann: The First Studies, Op. 25, Bk 1
Hofmann: Studies for Progressive Pupil, Op. 25, Bk 2
Hofmann: Studies for More Advanced Student, Op. 25, Bk 3
Kayser: 36 Elementary and Progressive Studies for the Viola, Op. 20
Kreutzer: 42 Etudes
Rode: 24 Caprices in form of Etudes in 24 Keys
Paganini: 24 Caprices for Solo Violin
Wieniawski: Etudes-Caprices, Op. 18
Wohlfahrt: 40 Elementary Studies for Violin, Op. 54
Wohlfahrt: 60 Studies for the Violin, Op.45
Wohlfahrt: 70 Easy Melodious Studies for the Violin, Op. 74
Mazas: Etudes Brilliants, Op. 36
Mazas: Etudes Speciales, Op. 36

The Books containing the etudes originally written for viola:

Beltran: 12 Caprices for Viola
Bruni: 24 Studies for Viola
M. Fine: Rock Etudes for Unaccompanied Viola, Op. 114
Fuchs: 15 Characteristic Studies for Viola
Fuchs: 16 Fantasy Etudes for Viola
Hoffmeister: 12 Etudes for Viola
Campagnoli: 41 Caprices for Viola, Op. 22
Lukács: Exercises in Change of Position for Viola, Advanced Grade
Palaschko: 10 Artistic Studies, Op. 44
Palaschko: 20 Viola Studies, Op. 36
Palaschko: 25 Easy and Melodic Studies, Op. 87
Vieux: 10 Intervals Etudes for Viola
Vieux: 20 Etudes for Viola

Differences between Violin Etudes and Viola Etudes

Generally speaking, when we start to learn viola, we tend to play violin etudes first. There are many differences between violin etudes and viola etudes.
Many violin etudes require players to play on higher positions, and shift the strings frequently, while viola etudes do not. Viola etudes are not easy to play for beginners. The pieces fit the registers of the instrument. Also, the rhythm and tempo of viola etudes are different from that of violin etudes.
Some viola etudes are highly difficult to play, such as Vieux’s etudes, which can be more difficult than that of Paganini’s. The tempo of Vieux’s viola etudes is fast, and accidentals are frequently used in the pieces.
Lukács’ viola etudes also require various techniques. We recommend players at higher levels to play the pieces. Being contained in Exercises in Change of Position for Viola, Advanced Grade, Lukács’ etudes are helpful for the players to play modern works. There is an explanation above the sheet music of every piece included in the book. I have translated this book as well, but the translated version has not been published.
Campagnoli’s and Bruni’s viola etudes are melodious and not hard to play. We can regard Campagnoli’s 41 Caprices for Viola as opuscula. As for Hoffmeister’s 12 Etudes for Viola, they are quite long and melodious like the composer’s concertos.
There are two etude books written by Fuchs included in the list above. Fuchs was a famous American violist. She taught in The Julliard School and Curtis Institute of Music before. Her daughter is a cellist. We were colleagues in a summer camp before. Fuchs’ granddaughter is also an excellent violist. She made two albums containing Fuchs’ etudes. Students can find the albums online.
As for other viola etudes, Beltran’s 12 Caprices for Viola are very melodious. The caprices are the must-play pieces in some contests held in Spain. Besides, M. Fine’s rock etudes for unaccompanied viola are quite interesting. What’s more, the most frequently played viola etudes written by Palaschko are 10 Artistic Studies, Op. 44. These 10 studies are beautiful but not easy to play. Many teachers in college use these studies as teaching materials.
For viola beginners, I recommend them to start from violin etudes, such as the etudes written by Kayser, Wohlfahrt, Hofmann, Dont, or Mazas.

Unaccompanied Pieces

Here is the list of the unaccompanied pieces I recommend to students:
J.S.Bach: 6 Cello Suites, BWV 1007-1012
J.S.Bach: 6 Sonatas and Partitas, BWV 1001-1006
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola Solo, Op. 11 №5
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola Solo, 1937
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola Solo, Op. 25 №1
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola Solo, Op. 31 №4
Knox, Garth: Viola Spaces-Contemporary Viola Studies
Ligeti: Sonata for Viola Solo
Reger: 3 Suites for Viola Solo, Op. 131d
Penderecki: Cadenza for Viola Solo
Telemann: 12 Fantasias
As for the unaccompanied pieces, Bach’s cello suites are the most frequently played. The pieces are also the must-play ones during the exams. Besides, the six sonatas and partitas for violin composed by Bach are popular as well. But the cello suites are more suitable for the players to play on viola.
Hindemith’s works I recommended above are all hard to play. All the college students majoring in Viola Performance need to play the pieces. The works require various techniques.
As pieces in Romantic period, Reger’s 3 Suites for Viola Solo are melodious. As for Telemann’s 12 Fantasias, there are both viola versions and violin versions. The fantasias are played more on violin instead of viola. As works in Baroque period, the fantasias are not easy to play. They are even more difficult than Bach’s cello suites.
It may take a long time for us to play Bach’s works well. For Telemann’s 12 Fantasias, we cannot play them well without musicality. The fantasias are must-play pieces in some international contests. To play the fantasias well, we need to find the musicality first.
Knox’s Viola Spaces-Contemporary Viola Studies are not frequently played. The composer visited Central Conservatory of Music last year. I have known him for some years, and have ever been to one of his live concerts. His performance was spectacular. All viola techniques are included in his Viola Spaces-Contemporary Viola Studies, such as harmonics and pizzicato. Players can use all 10 fingers to play pizzicato when playing the studies. We can say that Knox have found all possibilities of playing the viola.
Actually, showing all techniques has become an international trend for the playing of contemporary works. Several years ago, a master flutist came to Beijing and hold his concerts. It was incredible that he showed almost all flute techniques during performing.
The contemporary viola studies written by Knox are also incredible. Some techniques are very difficult to grasp. But the students can find the tutorial videos and recordings online. The pieces are worth being studied. If the players can master these viola studies, they will find it much easier to play other contemporary works.


The students can find below the list of the sonatas I recommend:
Bach: 3 Sonatas for Viola da Gamba
Bax: Sonata for Viola and Piano
Bowen: Sonata for Viola and Piano in c minor, Op. 18, №1
Bowen: Sonata for Viola and Piano in F major, Op. 22, №2
Brahms: Sonata for Viola and Piano in f minor, Op. 120, №1
Brahms: Sonata for Viola and Piano in E flat major, Op. 120, №2
Bruni: 6 Viola Sonatas, Op. 27
Clarke: Sonata for Viola and Piano
Franck: Sonata in A major
Glinka: Sonata for Viola and Piano
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola and Piano, Op. 11, №4
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola and Piano, Op. Posth(1939)
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola and Piano, Op. 25, №2
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola and Piano, Op. 25, №4
Hummel: Sonata for Viola and Piano in E flat major, Op. 5, №3
Mendelssohn: Sonata for Viola and Piano in c minor, MWV Q14
Rochberg: Sonata for Viola and Piano
Reger: Sonata for Viola and Piano in B flat major, Op. 107
Schubert: Sonata in a minor “Arpeggione”
Schumann: Märchenbilder, Op. 113
Shostakovich: Sonata for Viola and Piano, Op. 147a C. Stamitz: Sonata in D major
Vieuxtemps: Sonata for Viola and Piano in B flat major, Op. 36
Vieuxtemps: Unfinished Sonata for Viola and Piano, Op. Posth
Some of the sonatas mentioned above are originally played on violin, such as Franck’s Sonata in A major. It is said that the manuscript of this piece can be seen in a library in France, and the work was composed for viola at the beginning. But no one played the piece at that moment. Therefore, it was published as a sonata written for violin.
The information about Franck’s sonata came from a professor from France. I did not see the manuscript of this piece. The sheet music can be seen in a French museum, and it shows that the work was written for viola.
Most of the sonatas I introduced above are not easy to play. But Mendelssohn’s Sonata for Viola and Piano in c minor is easier compared to other sonatas. Viola beginners can try to play this piece. Besides, Hummel’s Sonata for Viola and Piano in E flat major and Stamitz’s Sonata in D major are melodious and not very difficult to play. Apart from these 3 pieces, the other ones are all hard to play in some way, and require various techniques.
Glinka’s Sonata for Viola and Piano was not finished. The composer only wrote the former 2 movements of the work. All the sonatas I mentioned above can be found online.


Here is the list of the concertos I recommend to the students:
J.S.Bach: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in c minor
Bartók: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra
Berlioz: Harold in Italy
Benda: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in F major, LorB 314
Bowen: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra, Op. 25
Bloch: Suite for Viola and Orchestra
Zelter: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in E flat major
Forsyth: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in G Sharp minor
Handel: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in b minor
Hindemith: Der Schwanendreher
Hoffmeister: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in D major
Hoffmeister: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in B flat major
Kraus: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in C major, VB 153b
Kraus: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in E flat major, VB 153c
Martinu: Rhapsody-Concerto, H. 337
Penderecki: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra
Rolla: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in E flat major, Op. 3
Schnittke: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra
J. Schubert: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in C major
C. Stamitz: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in D major, Op. 1
Telemann: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in G major
Vanhal: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in C major
Vaughan Williams: Flos Campi
Walton: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra
Last year, I published a book containing some concertinos, among which more than a half are originally played on violin. The concertinos are suitable for the beginners to play. Most viola concertos are not easy for the viola beginners.
Telemann’s Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in G major is frequently played by the beginners, but it is quite difficult to play the piece well. My students who just start to play the viola tend not to choose this work, since they can not find the musicality while playing it. Telemann’s works are even more difficult to play than Bach’s pieces.

Concert Pieces

There are various concert pieces for viola. The students can find below the list of the concert pieces I recommend:
Enescu: Concert Piece
Bartók: Rhapsody, №1
Bowen: Phantasy, Op. 54
Britten: Lachrymae, Op. 48
Bruch: Romanze, Op. 85
Manuel De Falla: Suite Populaire Espagnole
Glazunov: Elegie
Hummel: Fantasy for Viola and Orchestra
Kodály: Adagio
Clarke: Morpheus
Clarke: Passacaglia on an Old English Tune
Clarke: Lullaby
Clarke: Chinese Puzzle
Liszt: Romance oubliée
Reger: Romance for Viola and Piano
Paganini: La Campanella
Paganini: Sonata for Grand Viola and Orchestra
Prokofiev: Selected Pieces from the Ballet “Romeo and Juliet”
Schumann: Adagio and Allegro, Op. 70
Vieuxtemps: Elegie, Op. 30
Hindemith: Trauermusik for Viola and Orchestra
Beethoven: Notturno in D major ,Op. 42
Weber: Andante e Rondo Ungarese
Paganini’s Sonata for Grand Viola and Orchestra was composed for 5-string viola and orchestra. But at present, we can play the piece on the normal 4-string viola, since our playing has been improved greatly.
The concert pieces I mentioned above are the most frequently played ones. Most of them are written for viola. Some opuscula are not included.


Here is the list of the duets I recommend to the students:
Bach: Brandenburg Concerto №6 for Two Violas and String Orchestra
Beethoven: Duet with Two Eyeglasses Obligato WoO 32
Bruch: Double Concerto in E minor for Clarinet and Viola, Op. 88
Handel/Halvorsen: Passacaglia for Violin and Viola
Mozart: Duos for Violin and Viola, K 423/424
Mozart: Sinfonia Concertante in E flat major for Violin, Viola and Orchestra, K 364
I have published several books containing some duets, but the included pieces are not on the list above. The duets I mentioned above are the most well-known ones. Some pieces are familiar to the viola players, such as Passacaglia for Violin and Viola. There are various versions of this Passacaglia, including the versions for two violins, for two violas, for violin and cello, for viola and cello, etc.. The version for violin and viola is likely to be the original one.
Mozart’s Sinfonia Concertante in E flat major for Violin, Viola and Orchestra is hard to play on viola. The melodious piece requires players to change positions frequently. Actually, the piece is played in D major on viola, and in E flat major on violin. The composer made some adjustments on the notation so that the sound produced by viola can be clear and pleasant to hear.
That’s all for my sharing today. All the viola sheet music I introduced above can be found online. In the next two sessions, I will talk about the career planning of students who major in music. Please stay tuned!

Music Q & A

Audience: What kind of players is Schubert’s Sonata in a minor suitable for?

Wing Ho: Actually, this piece is one of the must-play works for the postgraduates. It requires various viola techniques. Many students like the work, but it is very difficult to play it well. My students tend to play it only after going to college.

Audience: How to switch to alto clef from treble clef?

Wing Ho: Are you talking about switching to viola from violin, or playing on higher positions on viola? I talked about the notation in the former sessions. You can check out the sessions then, and find the answer.

Audience: How many books have you published?

Wing Ho: I have published about 60 books. Some of them are currently out of print. Only a few of the published books can be found now.

Audience: For violin students who want to switch to viola, do you have any recommended books?

Wing Ho: It depends on your own level of violin playing. If you are at a lower level, you would better start from scratch. If you are at a higher level, you can choose the pieces you like.
Viola etudes may not be very difficult for you if you are at a higher level, but it is important for you to know as soon as possible how to produce good sound on viola. Although some students have switched to viola from violin for some years, they still tend to produce the sound which is similar to that of violin.
As for the recommended books, I have introduced some books in the former sessions. You can find out the names of the books then.

Audience: Are there any Chinese viola pieces?

Wing Ho: Yes, there are some Chinese viola pieces, and also some Chinese violin pieces played on viola. There are some books published by Shanghai Conservatory of Music containing some Chinese viola pieces. You can search for the books then.

Audience: Are there any authoritative people in the 20th century who did research on the history of viola? Or is there any literature on the history of viola published in the last century?

Wing Ho: A professor named Wu Yishen translated a book about the history of viola written by a Russian author. The book is quite old and comprehensive.
There are some books published in the 20th century which are about some composers such as Bartók, Hindemith, and other viola performers. But it seems that there are few books about the history of viola.
In fact, viola started to develop only after 1980s. Before 1980s, there were only Hindemith and a few other composers who played the viola. After 1980s, there were much more viola performers and viola pieces. But as far as I know, until now, no one has ever formally done research on the development of viola.

Have a HAPPY practice!!

All About Viola - Viola Teaching Class

All about Viola 1 | Tips about Enlightenment Teaching of Viola
All about Viola 2 | Basic Teaching of Viola
All about Viola 3 | Viola Bowing Techniques
All about Viola 4 | Movements of the Left Hand
All about Viola 5 | Viola Exercises for Beginners
All about Viola 6 | Common Viola Repertoire Catalog

More Violy Master Class Articles:

Viola Master Class - Ho Wing
Cello Master Class - Wu Linfeng
Violin Master Class - Wang Boyang
Violin Master Class - Ling Zi
Violin Master Class - Gu YingLong

#ViolyPractice makes Perfect!!

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